The Nigeria Centre for Disease Control and Prevention (NCDC) reported 210 new suspected cholera cases and 10 suspected deaths in eight states between July 31 and August 27.
This information was published in their most recent monthly situation report on cholera, covering epidemiological weeks 31 to 34, as disclosed on their official website.
Cholera, a bacterial infection caused by Vibrio cholera, is primarily transmitted through contaminated water and food, commonly occurring in areas with inadequate sanitation and limited access to clean water. Its symptoms include severe watery diarrhea, vomiting, and dehydration, and if left untreated, it can be life-threatening, according to the World Health Organization (WHO).
The NCDC noted a significant reduction in suspected cholera cases and deaths this year, with a 63% decrease in cases and a 67% decrease in deaths compared to the data from Epidemiological Week 34 in 2022. As of August 27, the country recorded 84 suspected deaths and 2,860 suspected cases in 25 states, resulting in a case fatality ratio (CFR) of 2.9%.
“Cumulatively, it shows that six states – Cross River (718 cases), Katsina (302), Bayelsa (265), Ebonyi (227), Niger (136), and Abia (118) – account for 62 per cent of the suspected cases in 2023,” it said.
In eight states, the NCDC reported a total of 210 suspected cholera cases. Among these states, Zamfara in the Northwest had the highest number of cases, recording 190, followed by Kano and Bayelsa with seven and five cases, respectively.
Additionally, Bauchi, Niger, and Borno states reported two cases each, while Gombe and Adamawa states each reported a single case.
The NCDC conducted 21 Cholera Rapid Diagnostic Tests (RDT), with nine positive results (eight in Zamfara and one in Bayelsa). They also conducted 26 stool culture tests, which yielded three positive results.
The agency further mentioned that the national multi-sectoral Cholera Technical Working Group (TWG) continues to oversee the response efforts in the various states.
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